Question: What Are The Virtues According To Aristotle?

What are the four cardinal virtues according to Aristotle?

In order for one to be virtuous they must display prudence, temperance, courage, and justice; moreover, they have to display all four of them and not just one or two to be virtuous..

What are the 7 virtues in the Bible?

After Pope Gregory released his list of seven deadly sins in AD 590, the seven virtues became identified as chastity, temperance, charity, diligence, patience, kindness, and humility.

What is the relationship between virtues and vices according to Aristotle?

Virtues are the character traits people exhibit when they can resist temptation, whereas vice results when people give in to temptation. d. Virtues are the character traits that your society approves of, whereas vices are the traits it disapproves of. How do you acquire a virtue, according to Aristotle?

What are the 4 human virtues?

Because of this reference, a group of seven attributes is sometimes listed by adding the four cardinal virtues (prudence, temperance, fortitude, justice) and three theological virtues (faith, hope, charity). Together, they compose what is known as the seven virtues.

What are the 3 most important virtues?

Adam Smith, in his important book The Theory of Moral Sentiments, wrote that excellent people have three primary virtues: prudence, justice, and benevolence, in that order. Each of them is essential to the others and to the living of a full life in society.

What is the relationship between the good life and science?

Good life is related to Science. It is science that provides good life for everyone and at the same time, it is the quest for good life that fuels science. In this vast world where number of inventions are rapidly growing, science made the lives of many convenient.

What is a good life according to Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, the good life is the life of virtuous actions filled with pleasure, too perhaps, but it was not the pleasure which makes life Page 22 66 good.

What are the five intellectual virtues?

They include: intellectual responsibility, perseverance, open-mindedness, empathy, integrity, intellectual courage, confidence in reason, love of truth, intellectual humility, imaginativeness, curiosity, fair-mindedness, and autonomy.

How do we learn virtue?

Virtues are developed through learning and through practice. As the ancient philosopher Aristotle suggested, a person can improve his or her character by practicing self-discipline, while a good character can be corrupted by repeated self-indulgence.

What is happiness according to Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life.

What are Aristotle’s virtues?

12 Virtues Introduced by Aristotle – the master of those who know1) Courage – bravery and valor.2) Temperance – self-control and restraint.3) Liberality – bigheartness, charity and generosity.4) Magnificence – radiance, joie de vivre.5) Pride – self-satisfaction.6) Honor – respect, reverence, admiration.7) Good Temper – equanimity, level headedness.More items…•

What is virtue ethics according to Aristotle?

Virtue ethics is a philosophy developed by Aristotle and other ancient Greeks. … This character-based approach to morality assumes that we acquire virtue through practice. By practicing being honest, brave, just, generous, and so on, a person develops an honorable and moral character.

What are the two types of virtues according to Aristotle?

There are two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral. We learn intellectual virtues by instruction, and we learn moral virtues by habit and constant practice. … Virtue is a disposition, not a feeling or a faculty.

What is the highest virtue?

truthfulnessBy illuminating what the free spirit fails to see, Nietzsche aims to make a general point about truthfulness that will underlie its status as the highest virtue—namely, that our truthfulness is always grounded in the cares, passions, or love that connect us to world, and to our own future.

What is the aim of human life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle teaches that each man’s life has a purpose and that the function of one’s life is to attain that purpose. He explains that the purpose of life is earthly happiness or flourishing that can be achieved via reason and the acquisition of virtue.