Question: What Is Aristotle’S Doctrine Of The Mean?

What does Aristotle mean when he says that virtue is a mean?

Aristotle describes a virtue as a “mean” or “intermediate” between two extremes: one of excess and one of deficiency.


Example: bravery (e.g.

on a battlefield) Involves how much we let fear restrict or modify our actions..

What is the mean in ethics?

Similarly, Aristotle’s concept of the mean is often misunderstood. In the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle repeatedly states that virtue is a mean. The mean is a state of clarification and apprehension in the midst of pleasures and pains that allows one to judge what seems most truly pleasant or painful.

What is good life according to Aristotle?

Thus Aristotle develops, in the Nicomachean Ethics a theory of what is the good life for human beings. The good life is, for a human being to live in the way that is most suitable for a human that is according to reason. This is, what separates man from animals, as man alone has the capacity to exercise reason.

What does Aristotle mean by the idea of aiming at the mean?

Second, there is the idea that whenever a virtuous person chooses to perform a virtuous act, he can be described as aiming at an act that is in some way or other intermediate between alternatives that he rejects.

What are the virtues according to Aristotle?

For example, regarding what are the most important virtues, Aristotle proposed the following nine: wisdom; prudence; justice; fortitude; courage; liberality; magnificence; magnanimity; temperance.

What are the 7 virtues in the Bible?

After Pope Gregory released his list of seven deadly sins in AD 590, the seven virtues became identified as chastity, temperance, charity, diligence, patience, kindness, and humility.

What does Aristotle mean by the mean?

Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency. Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally.

What is Aristotle’s position on the doctrine of the mean in relation to morality?

According to the doctrine of the mean, virtue is the mean state toward good activities, and a virtuous person behaves appropriately out of his mean state. … Aristotle wants to apply the doctrine of the mean to each virtue; is he successful?

What are the main points of Aristotle’s ethics?

One of the most famous aspects of the Ethics is Aristotle’s doctrine that virtue exists as a mean state between the vicious extremes of excess and deficiency. For example, the virtuous mean of courage stands between the vices of rashness and cowardice, which represent excess and deficiency respectively.

What is ethical in simple words?

For someone who is honest and follows good moral standards, use the adjective ethical. Ethical comes from the Greek ethos “moral character” and describes a person or behavior as right in the moral sense – truthful, fair, and honest. …

What is ethics definition and example?

Ethics is defined as a moral philosophy or code of morals practiced by a person or group of people. An example of ethics is a the code of conduct set by a business.

Why is it so difficult to hit the mean according to Aristotle?

It is not possible, then, ever to be right with regard to them; one must always be wrong.” Hitting the mean is hard because there are lots of ways to get it wrong and only one way to get it right.