Question: What Is The Composition Of The Electoral College For The Election Of The President?

What role does the electoral college play in the election of a president?

After Election Day, on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, these electors assemble in their state capitals, cast their ballots, and officially select the next President of the United States.

Legally, the electors may vote for someone other than the candidate for whom they were pledged to vote..

Who becomes president if no election?

Section 3 of the 20th Amendment specifies that if the House of Representatives has not chosen a president-elect in time for the inauguration (noon on January 20), then the vice president-elect becomes acting president until the House selects a president.

Who picks the Electoral College?

Instead, the election of the president of the United States is a two-step process. First, voters cast ballots on Election Day in each state. In nearly every state, the candidate who gets the most votes wins the “electoral votes” for that state, and gets that number of voters (or “electors”) in the “Electoral College.”

What is the Iowa caucus so important?

Unlike primary elections in most other U.S. states, where registered voters go to polling places to cast ballots, Iowans instead gather at local caucus meetings to discuss and vote on the candidates. … The Iowa caucuses used to be noteworthy as the first major contest of the United States presidential primary season.

What is the meaning of Electoral College?

An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to particular offices.

What is the Electoral College in simple terms?

The United States Electoral College is a name used to describe the official 538 Presidential electors who come together every four years during the presidential election to give their official votes for President and Vice President of the United States. … The Constitution leaves states to decide how electors will vote.

Is the Electoral College in the Constitution?

Established in Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, the Electoral College is the formal body which elects the President and Vice President of the United States.

What happens if no presidential candidate wins a majority of electoral votes answers?

If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the House of Representatives elects the President from the three candidates who received the most electoral votes. Each state delegation has one vote. The Senate elects the Vice President from the two vice presidential candidates with the most electoral votes.

Why did they create the Electoral College?

The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress. … Several weeks after the general election, electors from each state meet in their state capitals and cast their official vote for president and vice president.

How is the electoral college determined?

A state’s number of electors equals the number of representatives plus two electors for the senators the state has in the United States Congress. The number of representatives is based on the respective populations, determined every ten years by the United States Census.

When was the Electoral College compromise?

The Electoral College became part of the Constitution at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787, when delegates assembled to devise something to replace the Articles of Confederation. By September, they had finally produced the Constitution, which represented a number of compromises among the delegates.

How many terms can one president serve?

The amendment caps the service of a president at 10 years. If a person succeeds to the office of president without election and serves less than two years, he may run for two full terms; otherwise, a person succeeding to office of president can serve no more than a single elected term.

What happens if a president isn’t elected by January 20?

Section 3 provides that if there is no president-elect on January 20, or the president-elect “fails to qualify”, the vice president-elect would become acting president on January 20 until there is a qualified president.

Can the president dismiss the vice president?

Impeachment. Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution allows for the removal of federal officials, including the vice president, from office for “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors”. No vice president has ever been impeached.

What is the composition of the electoral college for the election of the President of India?

The presidential electoral college is made up of the following: elected members of the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India); elected members of the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Parliament of India); elected members of each state’s State Legislative Assembly (lower house of the state legislature); and.

Who votes for the president?

A total of 538 electors form the Electoral College. Each elector casts one vote following the general election. The candidate who gets 270 votes or more wins. The newly elected President and Vice President are then inaugurated on January 20th.

Can a state electoral votes be split?

Under the District Method, a State’s electoral votes can be split among two or more candidates, just as a state’s congressional delegation can be split among multiple political parties. As of 2008, Nebraska and Maine are the only states using the District Method of distributing electoral votes.

When was the Electoral College put into place?

In 1804, 12th Amendment to the Constitution made sure that electors designate their votes for president and vice president, but the 12th Amendment leaves in place a tie breaking system established by the Constitution by which the House of Representatives breaks a tie on presidential electoral votes and the Senate …

How does the American voting system work?

During the general election, Americans head to the polls to cast their vote for President. But the tally of those votes (the popular vote) does not determine the winner. Instead, Presidential elections use the Electoral College. To win the election, a candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes.

Can Obama be vice president?

Joe Biden2009–2017Barack Obama/Vice presidents

What are 3 major flaws in the electoral college?

Three criticisms of the College are made: It is “undemocratic;” It permits the election of a candidate who does not win the most votes; and. Its winner-takes-all approach cancels the votes of the losing candidates in each state.