Quick Answer: What Does Apartheid Literally Mean?

What is apartheid example?

The definition of apartheid refers to a political system where people are clearly divided based on race, gender, class or other such factors.

An example of Apartheid is a society where white people are considered superior and people of other races are mistreated..

Who protested apartheid?

The Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM), originally known as the Boycott Movement, was a British organisation that was at the centre of the international movement opposing the South African apartheid system and supporting South Africa’s non-White population who were persecuted by the policies of apartheid.

What’s the definition of democracy?

government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.

How was apartheid practiced in South Africa how did they fight against apartheid?

During apartheid, people were divided into four racial groups and separated by law. The system was used to deny many basic rights to non-White people, mainly Black people who lived in South Africa. The law allowed white people to be in certain areas.

How did apartheid laws affect life?

Apartheid, a system of complete racial segregation, governed nearly every aspect of life for black and other South Africans. The laws dictated where they could live and travel. … Blacks could also only attend certain segregated schools, at which they received an inferior education and could only hold certain menial jobs.

Who ruled South Africa during apartheid?

Apartheid, the Afrikaans name given by the white-ruled South Africa’s Nationalist Party in 1948 to the country’s harsh, institutionalized system of racial segregation, came to an end in the early 1990s in a series of steps that led to the formation of a democratic government in 1994.

How do you use apartheid in a sentence?

The Apartheid caused there to be segregation in the schools between different races. Indaba is a fairly new brand that began with the demolition of apartheid. The Apartheid was the reason for much of the racial tension in South Africa.

What caused the apartheid?

The Great Depression and World War II brought increasing economic woes to South Africa, and convinced the government to strengthen its policies of racial segregation. In 1948, the Afrikaner National Party won the general election under the slogan “apartheid” (literally “apartness”).

What are the three apartheid laws?

The three most important blocks of legislation were: The Race Classification Act. Every citizen suspected of not being European was classified according to race. The Mixed Marriages Act.

Who started apartheid?

Hendrik VerwoerdHendrik Verwoerd is often called the architect of apartheid for his role in shaping the implementation of apartheid policy when he was minister of native affairs and then prime minister. Verwoerd once described apartheid as a “policy of good neighbourliness”.

When did the British invade South Africa?

1795The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. Although the British relinquished the colony to the Dutch in the Treaty of Amiens (1802), they reannexed it in 1806 after the start of the Napoleonic Wars.

What is another word for apartheid?

In this page you can discover 5 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for apartheid, like: include, segregation, separatism, privatism and privatization.

What does segregation mean?

the act or practice of segregating; a setting apart or separation of people or things from others or from the main body or group: gender segregation in some fundamentalist religions. the institutional separation of an ethnic, racial, religious, or other minority group from the dominant majority.

How did apartheid ended?

The apartheid system in South Africa was ended through a series of negotiations between 1990 and 1993 and through unilateral steps by the de Klerk government. … The negotiations resulted in South Africa’s first non-racial election, which was won by the African National Congress.

Does Britain still rule South Africa?

The country became a fully sovereign nation state within the British Empire, in 1934 following enactment of the Status of the Union Act. The monarchy came to an end on 31 May 1961, replaced by a republic as the consequence of a 1960 referendum, which legitimised the country becoming the Republic of South Africa.

How did apartheid affect South Africa?

Apartheid has negatively affected the lives of all South African children but its effects have been particularly devastating for black children. The consequences of poverty, racism and violence have resulted in psychological disorders, and a generation of maladjusted children may be the result.

What is the full meaning of apartheid?

racial segregation1 : racial segregation specifically : a former policy of segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa. 2 : separation, segregation cultural apartheid gender apartheid.

What does Freedom Day mean in South Africa?

Freedom Day is a public holiday in South Africa celebrated on 27 April. It celebrates freedom and commemorates the first post-apartheid elections held on that day in 1994. … And so we assemble here today, and in other parts of the country, to mark a historic day in the life of our nation.

How were people of South Africa divided before independence?

At a time when much of Africa was on the verge of independence, the South African Government was devising its policy of separate development, dividing the African population into artificial ethnic “nations,” each with its own “homeland” and the prospect of “independence.” Forced removals from “white” areas affected …

Is apartheid a crime against humanity?

2004), paragraph 4)). The Apartheid Convention declares that apartheid is a crime against humanity and that “inhuman acts resulting from the policies and practices of apartheid and similar policies and practices of racial segregation and discrimination” are international crimes (art. 1).