Quick Answer: What Is Aristotle’S Moral Theory?

What is Aristotle’s definition of virtue?

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices.

We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction..

What is good life according to Aristotle?

Thus Aristotle develops, in the Nicomachean Ethics a theory of what is the good life for human beings. The good life is, for a human being to live in the way that is most suitable for a human that is according to reason. This is, what separates man from animals, as man alone has the capacity to exercise reason.

What are examples of moral responsibilities?

A business owner or manager has multiple responsibilities, including legal ones, such as paying taxes, as well as moral responsibilities. Moral responsibilities may be individual, meaning each person in the company is accountable for doing what is right, or communal responsibilities, which involve all personnel.

What is the relationship between knowledge and moral responsibility?

The relationship between knowledge and responsibility is that if you have the knowledge of what is right or wrong then you can responsibly make the right choice or irresponsibly make the wrong choice. Name some factors that can remove or lessen one’s culpability for an action.

What is pleasure according to Aristotle?

Pleasure, itself, is a side-product of activity; pleasure results from activity without hindrance. As Aristotle expresses it, pleasure is the natural accompaniment of unimpeded activity. … Even so, Aristotle emphasizes that pleasure is not to be sought for its own sake.

How does Aristotle define happiness?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What are the two kinds of virtue according to Aristotle?

There are two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral. We learn intellectual virtues by instruction, and we learn moral virtues by habit and constant practice. We are all born with the potential to be morally virtuous, but it is only by behaving in the right way that we train ourselves to be virtuous.

How does Aristotle define moral responsibility?

Copyright: Diana Mertz Hsieh. The concept of moral responsibility is fundamental to any system of ethics, because claiming that people ought to take certain actions presupposes a choice which determines the action taken and for which the individual is responsible.

What is Aristotle’s Golden Mean?

Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency. Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally.

What are the three elements of moral responsibility?

One major concept associated with the condition is “awareness.” According to those philosophers who affirm this condition, one needs to “aware” of four things to be morally responsible: the action (which one is doing), its moral significance, consequences, and alternatives.

What is Aristotle’s philosophy?

Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. … As the father of western logic, Aristotle was the first to develop a formal system for reasoning.

What are Aristotle’s moral virtues?

Aristotle. Moral virtues are exemplified by courage, temperance, and liberality; the key intellectual virtues are wisdom, which governs ethical behaviour, and understanding, which is expressed in scientific endeavour and contemplation.