- Who invented democracy?
- Where did democracy come from?
- What type of government did John Calvin believe in?
- Did Pericles create democracy?
- Did Calvin burn someone at the stake?
- What kind of democracy is the US?
- What is the opposite of democracy?
- Who is the father of democracy in India?
- How many countries have democracy?
- How did Protestants view family?
- How did Martin Luther influence John Calvin?
- What does oligarchy mean?
Who invented democracy?
The term “democracy” first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens during classical antiquity.
The word comes from demos, “common people” and kratos, “strength”.
Led by Cleisthenes, Athenians established what is generally held as the first democracy in 508–507 BC..
Where did democracy come from?
The word ‘democracy’ has its origins in the Greek language. It combines two shorter words: ‘demos’ meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and ‘kratos’ meaning power or rule.
What type of government did John Calvin believe in?
Calvin used Protestant principles to establish a religious government; and in 1555, he was given absolute supremacy as leader in Geneva.
Did Pericles create democracy?
ri. klɛ̂ːs] in Classical Attic; c. 495 – 429 BC) was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during its golden age, specifically the time between the Persian and the Peloponnesian Wars. … Pericles also fostered Athenian democracy to such an extent that critics call him a populist.
Did Calvin burn someone at the stake?
Calvin and other ministers asked that he be beheaded instead of burnt, knowing that burning at the stake was the only legal recourse. This plea was refused and on 27 October, Servetus was burnt alive—atop a pyre of his own books—at the Plateau of Champel at the edge of Geneva.
What kind of democracy is the US?
Eugene Volokh of the UCLA School of Law notes that the United States exemplifies the varied nature of a constitutional republic—a country where some decisions (often local) are made by direct democratic processes, while others (often federal) are made by democratically elected representatives.
What is the opposite of democracy?
Autocratic leadership is just the opposite of democratic. These leaders tell others exactly what they want done—and assume full responsibility for the results. There is no consultation. The leader speaks and expects absolute obedience.
Who is the father of democracy in India?
ListFieldPersonEpithetPoliticsMahatma GandhiFather of the NationPoliticsB. R. AmbedkarFather of the Republic of India / Father of Modern IndiaPoliticsRaja Ram Mohan RoyFather of modern IndiaPoliticsPotti SreeramuluFather of Linguistic Democracy23 more rows
How many countries have democracy?
It intends to measure the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 164 are UN member states.
How did Protestants view family?
The Protestant championing of marriage and family life, which some nuns accepted with great enthusiasm as a message of liberation from the convent, was viewed by others as a negation of the value of the life they had been living; they thus did all in their power to continue in their chosen path.
How did Martin Luther influence John Calvin?
Both were very similar and at the same time different, each of them influenced Europe in a way. Calvin even influenced colonies of New England. … Martin Luther and John Calvin had similar concepts of faith and justification towards God, which in consequence became Luther and Calvin’s main currency of soul salvation.
What does oligarchy mean?
Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) ‘few’, and ἄρχω (arkho) ‘to rule or to command’) is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.